|Clinical notes and interpretation
- Joint position sense is an interoceptive sense that provides the status of the body internally.
- Clinical findings are graded as absent, impaired, or intact with a varying reproduction within an average of 4° to 7° (Kaplan, F.S., et al., Acta Orthop Scand, 1985. 56(1): 72-4).
- It is important to make sure that the health care practitioner positions the extremity using only the lateral surfaces of the limb segment being moved.
- Special consideration should be applied to patients with muscle tone issues, such as positioning a limb to avoid synergistic movements.
- An inner ear infection may affect a patient’s sense of proprioception.
- An individual with a loss of joint position sense is at greater risk for loss of balance and falls.
- An individual with a loss of joint position sense will exhibit decreased coordination.
- Joint position sense is necessary to maintain appropriate postural control during functional activities, such as sitting, transfers, standing, and walking.