Glossary of Terms
Alert: State of full consciousness in which one is oriented to person, place, and time.
Astereognosis: The inability to recognize a common object by touching its shape and form.
Attention: The capacity of the brain to process information from the environment.
Barognosis: The ability to perceive differences in weight through use of the cutaneous and muscular senses.
Central Nervous System (CNS): Consists of the brain and spinal cord, which functions to control and regulate all mental and physical functions.
Chemoreceptors: Receptors that respond to chemical substances.
Comatose: A state of unconsciousness in which one cannot be aroused by any stimulation.
Conversion Disorder: A psychological disorder in which symptoms of the sensory or motor system mimic neurological or general medical conditions.
Coordination: The ability to perform smooth, accurate, and controlled movements.
Dermatome: An area of skin that is supplied by a single nerve.
Discriminatory Sensation: The ability to differentiate between different types of sensations.
Dorsal: Of or pertaining to the back and upper surface of a structure. Also referred to as the posterior side.
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