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Introduction
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Conditions that may lead to a change in somatosensation can affect function at any level of the sensory component of the nervous system including sensory receptors, peripheral nerves, spinal nerves, spinal pathways, and/or subcortical and cortical areas. These include, but are not limited to:

  • Peripheral nerve trauma (e.g., crush injury, severed nerve)
  • Metabolic diseases (e.g., diabetes) which lead to peripheral neuropathy
  • Infections (e.g., HIV, Lyme disease, encephalitis)
  • Impingement or compression of a spinal nerve or nerve root
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Cerebral vascular accident
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Joint replacement
  • Central or peripheral nervous system tumors

Symptoms that may indicate a somatosensory impairment include, but are not limited to:

  • Feeling of pins and needles, numbness, electrical shock, and/or tingling
  • Disregard of body part(s) and/or lack of awareness of injury or pain
  • Excessive awareness of pain or other sensation
  • Feeling of heat or cold
  • Clumsiness in hands
  • Unsteady gait or other mobility skills
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Section: Introduction
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Page 11 of 28
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