|Getting Started and General Considerations
The following considerations should be addressed before assessing vital signs:
- The room should be quiet, well lit, warm, and comfortable.
- The patient should not have consumed alcohol, tobacco, or caffeine or exercised for 30 minutes prior to the examination.
- It is best to complete a thorough history to allow the patient to relax and the effect of any of the above to resolve.
- The patient should be sitting with his or her back supported and feet on the floor.
- Blood pressure cuff
- Timing device with second hand
- Scale with height measurement device, tape measure, or both
Components of Vital Signs
- Blood pressure