Glossary of Terms
Afebrile: Normal or without a fever.
Anemia: Either a decrease in the amount or quality of hemoglobin.
Antecubital fossa: Refers to the triangular area located on the anterior portion of the elbow joint.
Aortic insufficiency: A disease in which a weakened aortic valve prevents it from closing tightly, leading to backflow of blood into the left ventricle.
Arteriovenous fistulas: An abnormal passageway between an artery and vein.
Auscultation: The technical term that refers to listening to various bodily sounds (i.e., heart and breath sounds) through the use of a stethoscope.
Blood pressure (BP): The amount of pressure within the arteries throughout the cardiac cycle. Blood pressure is expressed as systolic pressure over diastolic pressure in mmHg.
Bradycardia: Decreased heart rate; typically refers to rates below 50 beats per minute.
Bradypnea: A decreased respiratory rate; typically refers to rates below 10 breaths per minute.
Cerumen: The medical term meaning earwax; a yellowish, waxy substance that is secreted in ear canals.
Diastolic: When reading blood pressure, this is the bottom number. Diastolic pressure is a measure of arterial pressure during ventricular relaxation. Normal adult diastolic pressure is 75-80mmHg.
Dyspnea: Difficulty breathing (usually related to cardiac problems).
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